White Oak Middle School News

 

CDC Alert

Posted on: March 27, 2019

HAMILTON COUNTY W PUBLIC HEALTH

PREVENT. PROMOTE. PROTECT,

Timothy Ingram, Health Commissioner

 250 William Howard Taft Road Cincinnati, OH 45219

Phone: 513.946.7800 Fax: 513.946.7890 hoph.org

 

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

 

Dear Parents and Staff,

This letter is to notify you that one attendee at White Oak Middle School has been diagnosed with Pertussis (whooping cough). In order to contain the spread of this infection, we are asking parents to monitor your child(ren) for symptoms, keep your sick child(ren) home and take them to see a physician for testing and treatment if you observe any signs or symptoms of Pertussis. Please take this letter with you when you go to your physician. The period of observing your child related to this exposure ends 4/11/2016.

Early signs of Pertussis are similar to that of a common cold, with runny nose, sneezing and mild cough. After one to two weeks, the cough becomes more severe and spasmodic. People can infect others from the time they begin to have cold-like symptoms until three weeks after the coughing episodes begin. Adults and children who have had their DPT immunizations may have a milder disease. However, pertussis can cause serious illness with sometimes fatal complications in young infants and persons with pre-existing respiratory disease. Un-immunized persons are also at-risk and should consult with their physicians.

A person with Pertussis is infectious for five days after they begin antibiotics. The Ohio Administrative Code (OAC 3701-3-13 (R)), states that “A person with Pertussis... if effective antimicrobial therapy is Given... shall be isolated for five days after initiation of antimicrobial therapy." This means that if your child is diagnosed with Pertussis, s/he must remain at home and may not attend school, daycare or other activities until five full days of antibiotics are given. Law requires that the local health department complete a full investigation when results are positive for certain infectious diseases such as Pertussis in order to prevent further spread.

When you consult your physician, you may wish to ask if it is time to receive a new combined pertussis and tetanus booster (Tdap) that is available for adults and children over age 11 years. This is especially important for women of child-bearing age to prevent them from infecting their newborn child.

If you or your doctor has any questions, you can contact Hamilton County Public Health's Division of Epidemiology Communicable Disease Investigator: Alexandria Debs at (513) 946-7887.

Respectfully,

Kein Hal

Alexandria Debs, MPH Communicable Disease Investigator Division of Epidemiology and Assessment Hamilton County Public Health (513) 946-7887

Kevin Gale, Principal

Stephany Harry & Keva Brice, RN

3130 Jessup Rd Cincinnati, OH 45239 (513) 741-4300

                                                   Healthy choices. Healthy lives. Healthy communities.

KNOW THE FACTS!

 

 Pertussis

Does past infection with pertussis make a person immune? One attack usually confers immunity comparable to that provided by vaccine.

What are the complications associated with pertussis? Young infants are at the greatest risk for complications. Serious complications of pertussis include pneumonia, seizures, encephalopathy (disorders of the brain), and death. Less serious complications include ear infections, loss of appetite, and dehydration.

What is the vaccine for pertussis? Children should be immunized with the DTP (diphtheria toxoid in combination with tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis) vaccine at 2,4,6 and 15 to 18 months of age and between 4 and 6 years of age. Older children and adults who have completed the primary series should receive Td (tetanus/diphtheria) boosters every 10 years. It is recommended that for both adolescents (11-18 years of age) and adults <65 years of age, Tdap (tetanus/diphtheria/acellular pertussis) be used for one of those boosters to provide protection against pertussis. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (ACIP) recommendations on vaccination and control measures.

What can be done to prevent the spread of pertussis? The single most effective control measure is maintaining the highest possible level of immunization in the community. The treatment of cases of pertussis with the appropriate antibiotic is important, as is the treatment of close contacts of cases. In addition, medical professionals should consider the diagnosis of pertussis in adolescents and adults with persistent coughs. People who have or may have pertussis (including those with a persistent cough) should stay away from young children and infants until properly evaluated by a physician.

 HAMILTON COUNTY MY PUBLIC HEALTH

250 William Howard Taft Road, 2nd Floor

Cincinnati, OH 45219

Phone 513.946.7800 Fax 513.946.7890

Web: HCPH.org Social Media: @HamCoHealth

 

PREVENT. PROMOTE.PROTECT.

Updated: 09/21/2018

KNOW THE FACTS!

 

 Pertussis

 

What is pertussis?

 Pertussis, whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis.

Who gets pertussis? Pertussis can occur at any age. Although most of the reported cases occur in children under five years, the number of cases in adolescents and adults is increasing, probably due to waning of vaccine immunity. Adolescents and adults and those partially protected by the vaccine may have milder disease which is not diagnosed as pertussis. Pertussis is thought to account for up to 7% of cough illnesses per year in adults.

How is pertussis spread? Pertussis is primarily spread by direct contact with the discharges from the nose and throat of infected individuals. Frequently, older siblings or other adult household members who may be harboring the bacteria in their nose and throat can bring the disease home and infect an infant in the household.

What are the symptoms of pertussis? Pertussis begins as a mild upper respiratory infection. Initially, symptoms resemble those of a common cold, including sneezing, runny nose, low-grade fever and a mild cough. Within two weeks, the cough becomes more severe and is characterized by episodes of numerous rapid coughs followed by a crowing or high-pitched whoop. A thick, clear mucous may be discharged with the coughing. These episodes may recur for one to two months, and are more frequent at night. Young infants, adolescents, and adults do not have these typical coughing spells. Older people or partially immunized children may have milder symptoms.

How soon after infection do symptoms appear? The incubation period is usually 7 to 10 days, with a range of 4 to 21 days.

When and for how long is a person able to spread pertussis? A person can transmit pertussis from the onset of symptoms to three weeks after the onset of coughing episodes. The period of communicability can be reduced to five days afterappropriate antibiotic therapy is begun.

 HAMILTON COUNTY PUBLIC Health

PREVENT. PROMOTE.PROTECT.

250 William Howard Taft Road, 2nd Floor Cincinnati, OH 45219 Phone 513.946.7800 Fax 513.946.7890 Web: HCPH.org Social Media: @HamCoHealth

                                                                       Updated: 09/21/2018